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Crises repeatedly occur in the history of European political integration. The crisis that the European Union (EU) has been traversing since 2010 is its deepest, most intractable and most protracted.
Whether, how and to what extent the EU survives the current crisis is likely to depend heavily on the orientation of German European policy.
Douglas Webber will describe the historical evolution of the German European Policy, explain why Germany has so long been ‘pro-European’ and analyse how and why its European policy has shifted since the end of the Cold War and the onset of the global financial and Euro zone crises.
The post-Cold War period saw German governments re-orient their foreign economic policy towards the EU’s eastern periphery. The German industrial and financial sectors have become increasingly integrated with emerging markets, thus reducing Germany’s level of interdependence with its EU economic partners.
Remy Davison argues that the fragmentation of the Berlin-Paris-Brussels consensus, combined with Germany’s regional hegemonic status, has meant that Berlin’s EU partners are increasingly compelled to comply with the German model of European integration.
Douglas Webber is Professor of Political Science at INSEAD.
Dr Rémy Davison is Jean Monnet Chair in Politics & Economics in the Department of Politics and International Relations at Monash University.