The impact of political disruptions on textile supply chain performance in Pakistan
This study explores how political instability impact on supply chain, which in the turn affect supply chain performance of the textile industry in Pakistan. A qualitative methodology was adopted to explore the deeper understanding of the thought processes involved in establishing relationships between political instability and textile supply chain performance. Given the sensitivity associated with political instability, semi-structured interviews were conducted from 25 different textile-manufacturing firms. These interviews have generated rich data to help gaining insight and deeper understanding of key supply chain issues. Transcript are coded and analyzed in NVivo software. Initial results are interpreted using key themes across cases and crosscases. Findings are mismatch between the production plan and execution, delivery lead time issues, disruptions impact on supply chain performance and political instability impact on supply chain performance. Findings of this study shows impact of political instabilityon supply chain performance and results of this study confirm the role and importance of political instability in managing supply chains. Political instability is seen as an intervening factor that directly disrupts a supply chain through increasing the production and delivery lead time, causing transportation delays, impacting on raw material quality and reduced supply to skilled workers. The evidence presented in this study makes a compelling case that the negative consequences of political instability on supply chain performance cannotbe ignored. Furthermore, textile firms are increasingly exploring of shoring of textile manufacturing to other more political stable locations (countries).