Guidelines for establishing national minimum wage in Australia.
The Australian National Minimum Wage is the minimum base rate of pay for ordinary hours worked to any employee who is not covered by an award or agreement. Most employees are covered by an award.
What is the current national minimum wage?
The national minimum wage is currently $18.93 per hour or $719.34 per 38 hour week (before tax).
Casual employees covered by the national minimum wage also get at least a 25 per cent casual loading.
For award and agreement free junior employees, the percentage scale in the Miscellaneous Award 2010 is applied to the national minimum wage.
If the role is covered by an award, you can find the appropriate minimum pay rates by using the Fair Work Ombudsman’s PACT (Pay And Conditions Tool). For industries not covered by PACT and more information, please check the Fair Work Ombudsman website.
National minimum wages for apprentices, juniors and trainees
There are different pay entitlements for juniors, apprentices and trainees:
Junior pay rates
A junior is an employee under 21 years of age.
Juniors get paid a percentage of the relevant adult pay rate unless:
- the award, enterprise agreement or other registered agreement doesn't have junior rates, or
- they have completed an apprenticeship and are trade qualified.
The percentages that apply is usually based on the employee’s age and increases on their next birthday.
You can find out more about junior pay rates on the Fair Work Ombudsman website.
An employee can only be paid apprentice pay rates if they have a formal training contract with their employer. The training has to be registered and recognised by a state or territory training authority. These employees do their training through a Registered Training Organisation such as a TAFE.
Apprentice pay rates will depend on how long the apprenticeship is and how much training the apprentice has done.
You can find out more about this award on the Fair Work Ombudsman website.
Trainee pay rates
Most trainees get their pay and conditions related to their training from Schedule E in the Miscellaneous Award 2010. They get their other entitlements (such as penalty rates, overtime and allowances) from the industry or occupation award that covers them.
Some trainees get their pay rates from their industry or occupation award.
You can find out more about trainee pay rates on the Fair Work Ombudsman website.
Employees with a disability pay rates
The Supported Wage System (SWS) applies to employees with disability and who have a reduced work capacity.
The Department of Social Services gives out information and advice about who is eligible for the SWS. It also accepts applications for the SWS and can deal with disputes.
You can find out more about disability pay rates on the Fair Work Ombudsman website.
For enquiries please contact the RMIT Careers and Employability team or phone +61 3 9925 3901.