Politics could once be seen in terms of left and right, of regions, nationalism and imperialism.
Minority populist parties, or movements, also challenged dominant ideologies and parties, expressing the hopes and frustrations of workers or farmers. Populism is about expressive politics, voicing dispossession, rather than instrumental politics, focusing on policies. A number of key elements of populism have now returned: the emphasis on a leader, the belief that the "people" are being dudded by capitalist, urban and ethnic elites, and the scapegoating of outsiders and xenophobia, and strong inter-war populist themes. This paper pursues the resurgence of both right nationalist populism and mainstream populism as responses to globalisation and in comparative studies. Right nationalist populism’s xenophobic focus on outsiders has allowed minority parties and movements to redefine government agendas. Prominent leaders include Le Pen, Hanson, Ishihara and Pailin, while in several countries ‘people's parties’ have formed part of coalition governments. The research has evolved in two studies: one focusing on the relationship between ‘outsider’, minority populism in Japan (e.g. Ishihara) and the mainstreaming of populism through the government of Koizumi (with comparisons with the Hanson and Howard in Australia), and the other on the combination of populist politics and a celebrity political persona in a comparative study of Sarkozy in France and Berlusconi in Italy. In the image era, as every political leader becomes a celebrity, does celebrity populism work with mainstreamed populism?
Speaker: Stephen Alomes
Wednesday 20 March: 12.30 pm to 2.00 pm
Emily McPherson Building, Multipurpose Room, Building 13, Level 3, Room 7