GNSS CORS networks for coal mine disaster monitoring

This project uses satellite-based positioning technology to address key issues related to surveying/positioning and disaster monitoring in coal mines.

Coal is the world’s most abundant and widely distributed fossil fuel. Although coal deposits are widely dispersed, over 58% of the world’s recoverable reserves are located across; Australia, China, India and the US. The annual yields of Australian and Chinese coal production are ranked No.4 and No.1 in the world respectively.  Safety and efficiency of mine operations is a critical issue for both Australia and China.

Currently, mine surveying/positioning and disaster monitoring are of paramount importance in relation to the safety and efficiency of mine operations. Conventional coal mining surveying/positioning and monitoring techniques are both time-consuming and costly. Hence, monitoring is usually constrained to localized areas, and there is no way to monitor any regional subsidence/deformation induced by underground mining.

In this project, satellite-based positioning technologies are proposed to address key issues related to mine surveying/positioning and disaster monitoring. The project will investigate the cutting-edge Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Continuously Operating Reference Station’s (CORS) network technologies for coal mining and develop a reliable disaster monitoring and warning platform. Novel theories, methods and technologies, such as usability, stability and integrity of the GNSS CORS network for coal mining, regional deformation monitoring, automatic landslide/ subsidence monitoring, bridge structure kinematic deformation monitoring, and smart decision support system for disaster warnings will be investigated.


This is a joint research venture between the RMIT University SPACE Research Centre (Formally SPAN) and the China University of Mining and Technology.

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Acknowledgement of country

RMIT University acknowledges the people of the Woi wurrung and Boon wurrung language groups of the eastern Kulin Nation on whose unceded lands we conduct the business of the University. RMIT University respectfully acknowledges their Ancestors and Elders, past and present. RMIT also acknowledges the Traditional Custodians and their Ancestors of the lands and waters across Australia where we conduct our business. - Artwork created by Louisa Bloomer