Dr Caroline Norma lectures in the Master of Translating and Interpreting degree in RMIT's School of Global, Urban and Social Studies.
Caroline researches gender-related problems arising in the professional practice of interpreters working for migrant women accessing sexual assault, domestic violence, trafficking and child protection services in Victoria, Australia.
Her book on the wartime Japanese ’comfort women’ will be published in 2015.
Caroline’s research focuses generally on prostitution, pornography and trafficking in Australia, Japan and South Korea.
- 2007: Endeavour Australia Cheung Kong research fellow (South Korea)
Caroline is a registered research supervisor, with interest areas of:
- Translation and interpreting
- Japan and Korea studies
- Feminist and women’s studies
- Prostitution and pornography
- Reproductive exploitation
Teaching and learning
Caroline coordinates the following courses:
- LANG1219 Discourse Studies
- LANG1229 Advanced Discourse Studies
- LANG1226/1260 Language Policy and Language Services
- LANG1228 Pedagogy of Translating and Interpreting
- LANG1225 Translation Accrediting Practice (Japanese > English)
- 2012: Graduate Certificate in Tertiary Teaching and Learning, RMIT University
- 2011: PhD (Political science), University of Melbourne
- 2005: MA (History), University of Melbourne
- 2003: MA (Japanese interpreting and translation), University of Queensland
- 2001: BA (Hons), University of Melbourne
- 2000: BA/BBus (Japanese/economics), Swinburne University
2009–2010: Social Inclusion Unit, Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Canberra
2003: NAATI accredited professional Japanese > English translator
Caroline is involved with:
Editorial board member, Women’s Studies International Forum
Caroline Norma, ’A state reliant on pornography: Japan in the twenty-first century,’ Globalism Research Centre seminar series, RMIT University, 2012.
Caroline Norma, ’Standing up for sex workers is standing up for pimps,’ The Age, 19 June 2012.
Caroline Norma, ’The conversation hour with Jon Faine,’ ABC radio, 11 August 2011.
Caroline Norma, ’Review note: Wesley Kendall and Joseph M. Siracusa, The Death Penalty and U.S. Diplomacy: How Foreign Nations and International Organizations Influence U.S. Policy,’ Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy (forthcoming, 2014).
Caroline Norma, ’Book review: Julia O’Connell Davidson and Laura Marie Agustin,’ Women’s Studies International Forum, Vol. 32, 2009, pp. 321-323.
- Norma, C. (2023). Military Labourers and Sexual Violence in the New Guinea Campaign of the Pacific War, 1942–5 In: Journal of Pacific History, 58, 141 - 157
- Gonzalez Garcia, E.,Norma, C.,Garcia-Caro Alcazar, O. (2023). Australia: Navigating the Pandemic and Exploring New Pedagogical Horizons In: Educating Community Interpreters and Translators in Unprecedented Times, Springer, Switzerland
- Norma, C. (2022). The geisha effect: How the West uses Japan's sex industry (Geisha kouka Oubei wa Nihon no sei sangyou wo dono you ni riyou shiteiru no ka) In: Listening to the voices of pornography's harms: Digital sexual violence and #metoo (??????????????????#MeToo), ????, Tokyo, Japan
- Dalton, E.,Norma, C. (2022). Voices from the Contemporary Japanese Feminist Movement, Palgrave Macmillan, London, United Kingdom
- Norma, C. (2022). Transnational comparison of ‘comfort women’ advocacy movements in Japan and South Korea In: Women's Studies International Forum, 95, 1 - 7
- Morita, S.,Norma, C. (2021). Pornography, Its Harms, and a New Legal Strategy: Research and Experience in Japan In: Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence, 6, 1 - 37
- Norma, C. (2021). Australian Military Sexual Adventurism in the New Guinea Campaign, 1942–1945 In: Transpacific Visions Connected Histories of the Pacific across North and South, Rowman & Littlefield , United States
- Norma, C.,Morita, S. (2020). Feminist Action Against Pornography in Japan: Unexpected Success in an Unlikely Place In: Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence, 4, 1 - 24
- Norma, C. (2020). The Operation and Impact of the American Military’s “R&R” Programme in Japan during the Korean War In: Asian studies review, 44, 365 - 381
- Norma, C. (2019). The First #MeToo Activists: Contemporary Campaigning in Support of the Former Japanese Military “Comfort Women” In: CrossCurrents, 69, 439 - 461
3 PhD Current Supervisions5 PhD Completions
- Testing of useability and applicability of Australian multilingual public service communications. Funded by: Aust Government Department of Health and Aged Care - Competitive from (2023 to 2023)
- The wartime comfort women of Japanese-occupied New Guinea, 1942-1945. Funded by: 012-ARC Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA) 2017 from (2017 to 2020)